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Furthering Rural Reform

By Qiu Ping Source: Updated: 2023-08-29

Reform is an important instrument for promoting rural revitalization. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, we have continued rural reform, tackling many tough issues and delivering institutional achievements of fundamental and far-reaching importance. The more we advance rural revitalization, the more we must rely on reform to generate momentum and vitality.

We will continue to further rural reform with a focus on properly handling the relationship between rural residents and land. We will consolidate and improve the basic system of rural operations by strengthening the foundations of the collective ownership system, guaranteeing and realizing the rights of members of rural collective organizations, and bringing resources and production factors into play.

We will press ahead with the separation of rights for collectively owned rural resources and improve the functionality of these rights to generate stronger momentum and vitality for agricultural and rural development.

Rural residents will be granted fuller property rights. We will deepen reform of the rural land system, taking concrete steps to determine rights, steadily granting more rights, and invigorating the use of rights in an orderly manner. This will ensure that rural residents derive a greater sense of fulfillment from the reform process.

We will steadily expand the trials for extending rural land contracts on the expiration of second-round contracts. We will grant extensions for all contracts in principle, to ensure stable and smooth renewals for the vast majority of rural residents.

We will accelerate the cultivation of new types of agribusiness and promote the provision of extensive commercial agricultural services, such as contract plowing, planting, cultivation, and harvesting, as well as land trusteeship, for small farmers. We will also develop moderately scaled agricultural operations suited to China's conditions.

We will prudently advance the pilot reform of the rural residential land system, ensuring no red lines are crossed while also refining standards and setting clear requirements. We will explore effective ways of achieving the separation of ownership rights, contract rights, and use rights for rural residential land.

We will carry out more trials for market trading of rural collective land designated for commercial development and explore effective mechanisms to distribute revenue from the appreciation of land values.

To consolidate and build on our achievements in the reform of the rural collective property rights system, we will establish management mechanisms that clearly define property rights and are based on sound governance structures, stable operational models, and reasonable profit distribution. Furthermore, we will explore new ways to diversify the development of the rural collective economy.

We must facilitate the flow of production factors between urban and rural areas. Our efforts to build a country strong in agriculture must not be focused on agriculture alone, but carried out in the larger context of jointly accelerating new industrialization, informatization, and urbanization. We must explore a new path of building up agricultural strength that sees industry driving agriculture and urban development supporting rural development.

We need to improve the institutions and policy systems for promoting integrated urban-rural development, facilitate the flow of production factors between urban and rural areas, and prioritize rural areas in allocating resources and production factors.

Taking counties as a key point of entry, we should promote integrated urban-rural development by gradually removing barriers between urban and rural areas within every county. Thus rural residents will be able to freely choose and transfer between agriculture and non-agricultural employment, and to move back and forth between urban and rural areas.

Counties should be developed into important nodes for linking industry and agriculture and integrating urban and rural areas.