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A People-centered Human Rights Philosophy

By Qiu Ping Source: Updated: 2023-07-03

In giving expression to the founding mission of the CPC, the values and aspirations of all humanity, and a path forward for human rights development, this philosophy is endowed with several obvious advantages.


All humankind aspires to build a society in which everyone is equal. This is also the noble goal of socialism with Chinese characteristics. In line with the people-centered human rights philosophy, we uphold the people's principal position, ensure equality for all, promote social fairness and justice, and work to improve people's wellbeing, thus meeting the people's aspirations for a better life on an ongoing basis.


Protecting the fundamental interests of the broadest majority of people is an innate requirement of Chinese socialism. The people-centered human rights philosophy aims to protect not the rights of a small minority but the most significant majority of people and to realize, protect, and promote their interests.

Practical nature

The people-centered human rights philosophy holds that human rights do not appear out of thin air, nor are they abstract or absolute. Instead, they have a historical, specific, and practical basis. Human rights bear directly on the practical needs of every person. Their development must be, therefore, firmly grounded in reality and focused on resolving real problems and creating a genuine sense of gain for every individual.


Fairness is naturally required if every person is to enjoy human rights. With social fairness and justice as objectives, the people-centered human rights philosophy is geared toward the modernization of China's national governance system and governance capacity as well as people's well-rounded development.


In line with the people-centered human rights philosophy, China pursues comprehensive development of human rights, holding that human rights include economic, social, and cultural rights as well as civil and political rights, along with rights concerning peace, development, and the environment.


A people-centered human rights philosophy does not attempt to use one civilization to define limits for the rich and varied civilizations of the world. Instead, based on tolerance, mutual respect, mutual learning, and shared development between civilizations, it holds that each country should be able to choose a human rights development path suited to its conditions. It opposes double standards and interference in the affairs of other countries on the pretext of human rights.