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Maximize the Institutional Strength of CPC Leadership

Source: Xi Jinping: The Governance of China III Updated: 2022-01-17

Maximize the Institutional Strength of CPC Leadership* 

February 26, 2018 

Strengthening overall leadership by the Party is an important principle that we must adhere to when furthering reform of Party and state institutions. Leadership by the Party is the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It represents the common will and fundamental interests of the entire Party and all the Chinese people, and is the fundamental guarantee for a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era. Governing a large country with more than 1.3 billion people, the Party must improve its leadership systems and mechanisms, give full play to the great strength of leadership by the Party, and shoulder the major responsibilities of carrying out our great struggle, developing our great project, advancing our great cause, and realizing our great dream. Only in this way can we ensure national reunification, uniform laws and policies and consistent market management, achieve economic development, clean political administration, cultural prosperity, social justice and healthy ecosystems, and smoothly advance the causes of Chinese socialism in the new era.

In China's political arena, the CPC exercises leadership. Strengthening the centralized, unified leadership of the Party operates in tandem with supporting a range of bodies in performing their functions and playing their roles: the people's congresses, governments, the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), supervisory departments, courts, prosecuting agencies, people's organizations, enterprises, public institutions and social organizations. The draft decision focuses on adapting to the requirements for developing Chinese socialism in the new era and establishing a functional system of Party and state institutions that upholds Party leadership in all respects and reflects the fundamental interests of the people. It aims to bring into full play the great strength of Party leadership at the institutional level, adopt a comprehensive approach to the setup of Party and government institutions, coordinate and give play to the functions and roles of various institutions, improve the systems and mechanisms for sound leadership, decision-making, and effective management and enforcement, and ensure the long-term governance of the Party and the lasting stability of the country.

Strengthening leadership by the Party in all respects is entirely consistent with our people-centered philosophy. The purpose of further reform of Party and state institutions is to better develop the causes of the Party and the state, meet the expectation of the people for a better life, and promote the well-rounded personal development, comprehensive social progress, and common prosperity of the people. We must ensure the principal status of the people, and adhere to the Party's commitment to serving the public good and exercising power in the interests of the people. We must implement the Party's principle of the mass line, improve the system through which the people are the masters of the country, and improve the systems and mechanisms for bringing benefits to the people, serving them, addressing their concerns, protecting their rights and interests, and accepting their supervision, so as to provide a stronger guarantee for the people to manage both state affairs and social, economic and cultural affairs.

* Part of the "Note to the Draft Decision and Draft Program on Further Reform of Party and State Institutions" delivered at the Third Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee.

(Not to be republished for any commercial or other purposes.)